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India

  • President:Pranab Kumar Mukherjee
  • Prime Minister:Narendra Modi
  • Capital city:New Delhi
  • Languages:Hindi 41%, Bengali 8.1%, Telugu 7.2%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 5.9%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, Kannada 3.7%, Malayalam 3.2%, Oriya 3.2%, Punjabi 2.8%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.2%, other 5.9% note: English enjoys the status of subsidiary official language but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication; Hindi is the most widely spoken language and primary tongue of 41% of the people; there are 14 other official languages: Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, and Sanskrit; Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India but is not an official language (2001 census)
  • Government
  • National statistics office
  • Population:1,311,050,527 (2015)
  • Area:2,973,190 (2015)
  • GDP per capita:1,582 (2015)
  • GDP, billion current US$:2,073.5 (2015)
  • GINI index:33.601680369 (2012)
  • Ease of Doing Business rank:130 (2017)