Saudi Arabia is the top country by barley imports in the world. As of 2013, barley imports in Saudi Arabia was 3.25 million that accounts for 34.51 % of the world's barley imports. The top 5 countries (others are China, Belgium, Netherlands, and Japan) account for 58.80 % of it. The world's total barley imports was estimated at 9.42 million in 2013.
Hordeum spp.: two-row barley (H. disticum) six-row barley (H. hexasticum) four-row barley (H. vulgare). Tolerates poorer soils and lower temperatures better than does wheat. Varieties include with husk and without (naked). Used as a livestock feed, for malt and for preparing foods. The roasted grains are a coffee substitute.