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Coal - Production of Lignite Coal

(Thousand Short Tons)

Lignite is the lowest rank of coal, often referred to as brown coal, used almost exclusively as fuel for steam-electric power generation. It is brownish-black and has a high inherent moisture content, sometimes as high as 45 percent The heat content of lignite ranges from 9 to 17 million Btu per ton on a moist, mineral-matter-free basis. Production data include quantities extracted from surface and underground mines, and normally exclude wastes removed at mines or associated reparation plants.