China is being the top country by production of lignite coal in the world. As of 2014, production of lignite coal in China was 235,354.25 thousand short tons that accounts for 19.99 % of the world's production of lignite coal. The top 5 countries (others are Germany, Russian Federation, the United States of America, and Poland) account for 56.37 % of it. The world's total production of lignite coal was estimated at 1.18 million thousand short tons in 2014.
Lignite is the lowest rank of coal, often referred to as brown coal, used almost exclusively as fuel for steam-electric power generation. It is brownish-black and has a high inherent moisture content, sometimes as high as 45 percent The heat content of lignite ranges from 9 to 17 million Btu per ton on a moist, mineral-matter-free basis. Production data include quantities extracted from surface and underground mines, and normally exclude wastes removed at mines or associated reparation plants.