South Africa is the top country by localized irrigation in the world. As of 2012, localized irrigation in South Africa was 365 thousand ha that accounts for 34.68 % of the world's localized irrigation. The top 5 countries (others are Algeria, Tunisia, Turkey, and Peru) account for 97.01 % of it. The world's total localized irrigation was estimated at 1,052.4 thousand ha in 2012.The description is composed by Yodatai, our digital data assistant. Have a question? Ask Yodatai ›
Localized irrigation is a system where the water is distributed under low pressure through a piped network, in a pre-determined pattern, and applied water as a small discharge to each plant or adjacent to it. There are three main categories: drip irrigation (where drip emitters are used to apply water slowly to the soil surface), spray or micro-sprinkler irrigation (where water is sprayed to the soil near individual plants or trees) and bubbler irrigation (where a small stream is applied to flood small basins or the soil adjacent to individual trees). The following other terms are also sometimes used to refer to localized irrigation: micro-irrigation, trickle irrigation, daily flow irrigation, drop-irrigation, sip irrigation, diurnal irrigation.