Constantly increasing globalization and integration of the world, often emphasized in the modern times, is carried out mostly through merchandise trade. Nowadays, wide variety of goods are involved in merchandise trade, but traditional ones, such as fuels, mining products, machinery and transport still remain most tradable. International trade of services, including transport, tourism and financial services, is also gaining momentum headed by the US as the world leader in exports and imports of services. The data on these and other indicators covering the framework of foreign trade is presented in the below datasets and visualizations.
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The concentration index of exports estimates a country’s reliance on a limited group of commodities as its primary source of foreign exchange income. Ranging from 0 (perfect diversification) to 1 (concentrated on a single product)*, a comparison of index scores to the contribution of natural resources to GDP worldwide shows that countries that are resource-rich tend to have less diversified export bases.Last year Iraq’s export concentration index reached 0.97, driven by its export concentration in mineral fuels, namely oil. Other oil exporters—including Angola, Iran, Kuwait, and Nigeria, among others—likewise have high concentration scores....
Trade is one of the key measure and major indicator of economy. Historical experience proves that imposing in country strong autharky leads to many problem. So, nowadays trade is a important part of GDP. Investors, politics and others analyze information about export and import before make thier desicions. Penetration of foreign companies on the local market usually increase competition and thefore the quality of product and services. Event holder: OECD
The WTO General Council meets as the Trade Policy Review Body to undertake trade policy reviews of Members under the TPRM and to consider the Director-General's regular reports on trade policy developement. The TPRB is thus open to all WTO Members. The current chair is Ms. Irene B. K. YOUNG (Hong Kong, China). Event Holder: World Trade Organization Source of data: Merchandise trade matrix, imports and exports of total all products, annual, 1995-2014, WTO statistical data sets, 1948-2014