The United States is one of the world leaders in tertiary education and educational attainment, important indicators in assessing the social mobility and poverty reduction. The US ranks fourth worldwide by enrollment in tertiary education and by proportion of the population with at least a tertiary education, according to the World Bank (2013). The US enrollment rates in tertiary education also exceed the OECD average. The US may, however, be repeating educational history. Enrollment in tertiary education has been declining since 2011, similar to the decline recorded from the mid-1990s through 2000 when the gross enrollment rates declined from 78 to 68 percent before rebounding to 95.3 percent in 2011.
While US enrollment rates in secondary education are only slightly lower than in other OECD countries, primary and pre-primary (preschool) enrollments show a greater deviation at 4.2 and 12 percentage points, respectively. Europe, in contrast, generally exceeds the OECD member average in pre-primary enrollments. Pre-primary enrollment is an important measure because of its relationship to better school performance overall during a student's educational career, based on studies from the OECD.
Educational attainment of adult populations vary greatly across US States, demonstrating a correlation with metropolitan centers of business and education and areas with higher historic investments in education. In Colorado, Connecticut, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Vermont, Virginia, and Washington D.C. more than 35 percent of the population 25 years old and older has a bachelor's or higher degree. The least educated states for the same population set are Mississippi (20.6%) and West Virginia (18.2%).
The Europe 2020 strategy, adopted by the European Council on 17 June 2010, is the EU's agenda for growth and jobs for the current decade. It emphasises smart, sustainable and inclusive growth as a way to overcome the structural weaknesses in Europe's economy, improve its competitiveness and productivity and underpin a sustainable social market economy.
Since 2003 until now Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) conciders about 1000 universities all over the world in ordet to build ranking of 500 ones with the highest performance in academic and research fields. Its methodology implies assessing institutions by 6 indicators including alumni (Score on Alumni) and staff (Score on Award) winning Nobel Prizes and Fields Medals, highly cited researchers (Score on HiCi), papers published in Nature and Science (Score on N&S), papers indexed in major citation indices (Score on PUB), and the per capita academic performance of an institution (Score on PCP). In each field the best performing...
Educating a student costs a lot of money, but incarcerating someone in the United States costs much more because of the required 24/7 care and supervision of prisoners. The data from the 40 US states with operating prisons in 2010 reveals just how much money the US government spent on the incarcerated in contrast to elementary/secondary school students. Sources: Vera Institute of Justice; US Census Bureau.